Guide to the best destinations for Tanzania safari travellers, where to stay, go, attractions and travel tips.
A safari in Africa can be enjoyed in any of the African corner with different parks on offer, all from Zimbabwe’s Victoria Falls to South Africa’s reserves as well as the big cats of Kenya. The main reason as to why Tanzania is considered one of the best African countries is because of the many different packages to be enjoyed with in its fifteen parks. These include; tracking, wildlife tours, mountaineering, boat cruises, the hot air balloon, and the walking safaris. At least, there is a national park to suit each and every visitor. Below are the five best national parks in Tanzania for those with a taste of adventure.
Ruaha National Park
This is a traditional type of destination and it offers what many of the visitors are hoping for. There is a large selection of wildlife with in a beautiful setting and this also makes the park so ideal for the collector, the type of tourist who wants to view many species of animals as possible and also tick some of the rarities off the list. The national park is also famous for the river of its same name that provides a crucial water source for the many numbers of animals making up part of the food chain. The gazelles, Impala, , Kudus and the waterbucks risk their lives drinking water from the territory of the predators like the hyenas, lions, Jackals, and many more. More so, the park is also home to the endangered African wild dogs as well as the recovering population of the elephants and the cheetahs.
Serengeti National Park
Though Ruaha National Park offers good taste of diversity and also an easy option, Serengeti also provides a stunning display of a different kind of the wildlife tourism enthusiasts who will really appreciate. The wildebeests and the zebras always migrate in big numbers into an ancient great land scape that is a permanent home of the other must see creatures like the giraffes, hippos and the elephants. The reason why this trip is so recommended to those traveling to Tanzania is to be able to see this famous dramatic event before their own beautiful eyes. Timing is also the main factor with this migration and many Tanzania safari travellers have to be well prepared for both planning involved as well as the disappointment.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area
This is mainly for the anthropologists since the main draw of Tanzania’s safaris is the wildlife which can be seen plus other many elements to be enjoyed and this Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a great choice for the budding anthropologists due to the many links to the masai as well as the ancient civilisations, there is also the Olduvai which is home to some of the oldest records of man’s existence. This means that due to the large crater with in the park, this naturally brings together many species for the great adventure experience and also home to a population of black Rhinos.
The Katavi National Park
Known to be for the ecologists, and on the other side of the scale, there are also those who are interested in seeing the many different animals as well as the different habitats in order to get a true picture of the wilderness as you learn about the ecology and the science of the area. For these geeks that are self-confessed, Katavi National Park is the true place to go to due to the diversity of different offers. This national park is also known to be one of the unspoiled areas with in the country, you are also able to see the birds as well as the hippos with in the flood plains, as you also follow the tracks of the elephants as they move through the forest and enjoy all the other wonders of the bush and also the plains like the herds of both the sable and the roan antelope.
Kilimanjaro National Park
This one is for the great explorers, this national park is where the main attraction needs no exact introduction. Those interested in adventure and exploring are sure to have the best time riding through the major plains at any of the aforementioned destinations but also the prospect of climbing to the summit of one of the greatest mountain in the whole world. This mountain is also one of the easiest to climb compared to the enormous peaks of Everest, however its known that over 40% of the climbers return before reaching the summit top. You will still have a breath-taking experience whether you reach the top, survey the Tanzanian landscape or go through the snowy peak from the base.
Other preffered Tanzania safari destinations include Selous Game Reserve, Mahale Mountains, Lake manyara National Park, Tarangire and so much more.
The identification of the Exact Big Five Animals on Tanzania Safari
In case you have done some research over the internet, am sure you have ever come across a term ‘the Big Five animals” or the Big Five trips, and these appear in your results most of the times. It’s also known that there are many misconceptions about the big five species in Africa. This is why we have come up with some insights which will help you understand Africa’s famous Big Five animals well.
These mainly consist of the African Lion, the African Elephant, the Cape buffalo, the black Rhinoceros, and the African Buffalo, many people would also assume that the term Big five is linked to the animals large size, but it was estimated by the big game hunters who came up with this term meaning that these five African mammals were the most dangerous and most difficult to Hunt. We now want to thank the efforts of the conservation and preservation of wildlife since the big five tours no longer refer to hunting safaris and instead provides the travellers all over the world with the opportunity to observe the beautiful creatures with in their habitats.
Even though the five species are all found in Africa, in case you want to see them at once, you will only be able to spot them in one destination. Below is the list of countries to consider touring; Namibia, Zambia, Botswana, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Congo, Malawi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
You will need to get to know about the Big Five animals before you meet them in real life. Below are some interesting facts about each of the big five in details.
- The African Lion
The lion is mostly referred to as the King of the Beasts or the king of the jungle, this animal is one of the most sought after and powerful creature with in the animal kingdom. This animal is also thought to be the most social animal of all the cats. These can be mostly found roaming around in groups called the prides. Each of the pride consists of a herd of about 15 lions including 1 or 2 males with one of them being the dominant male and the rest in the group include the females as well as the cubs of different ages. The lions have got a life span of up to 5 years and one can tell how old the lion is by looking at its mane, the darker it is, the older he will be.
The female lions are also the hunters of the pride and they do this during the night, in the morning and in the afternoon. Their prey also includes; zebras, Giraffes, Buffalos, wildebeests, and the young elephants. You can also spot a lion hanging around in the open plains where their prey usually congregate to graze as well as taking water.
- The Black Rhinoceros
Even though its name refers to its colour as black, its real colours vary from brown to grey. This is a native to eastern and southern Africa and its known that this specie is also still one of the most hunted animals with in Africa and its most endangered out of the big five animals.
Apart from the females and their off springs, the black Rhinos are solitary creatures who prefer to live alone. They usually feed at night and during dusk and dawn. They feed on leaves as well as fruits that is found in trees and bushes. These have also got a poor vision but have a good sense of smell as well as hearing.
The difference between the black and white Rhino is the double thorns on the black Rhino. They have got a front horn which is located just above their nose and is also considered the prominent one. It can grow as much as 3 inches every year and up to five feet long. This horn is also the main reason as to why this specie id fiercely poached and it’s thought to have important medicinal use and is mostly liked in the Asian counties like in china and Taiwan. Within North Africa and in the Middle East, it’s sold as ornamental dagger handle.
- The African Elephant
As compared to the other Asian elephants, the African elephant are more larger in size since they can grow up to 13 feet tall and also their weight can go up to 14, 000 ibs or 6350kg. This is also the largest land mammal in the whole world and can be found in over 37different countries with in Africa. These are also 2 different species of the African elephant, including the savannah elephant and the forest elephant. The forest elephant is smaller with rounded ears and its truck grows down wards. The savannah elephants can also be found in the savannah of Africa while the forest elephants inhabit the rain forests of the central as well as western Africa.
These are also social animals and they are known to be able to communicate with others across a large distance at6 a very low frequency which cannot be heard by the humans. Also you would be interested in knowing that there are many plant species that have seeds that depend on being passed through the elephant’s digestive tract before they get to germinate. It’s true that a third of the trees that are found in West Africa forests mostly rely on the elephants for dissemination.
- The African Leopard
This is a solitary, nocturnal and secretive animal and it’s difficult to spot since they like resting and staying in hidden places during the day. Because of this, these species tend to be more elusive and less seen out of the big five animals during the game drive. These have also got a preference for the rocky land scapes and the dense bush plus the riverine forests. These are also known to adapt quickly, though stay in an area for more than two or three days at a time. These therefore are able to survive the loss of their previous habitant because of increased human settlement.
These are also good climbers and their spotted coat provides a perfect camouflage which comes in handy when they go for hunting. They are stealthy hunters once they catch their prey, they will then safe guard it by taking it up in the tree in order to prevent many other animals like the lions or hyenas from stealing it. The leopards are also strong swimmers and can consume fish or shellfish like the crabs.
- The Cape buffalo.
This is the lesser known specie of all the big five animals. The cape buffalos are formidable animals due to their size, large herds as well as the horns. These are always active during the day and night and on average spend 18 hours a day foraging as well as moving around in the herds of over 500 buffalos. They are mainly hunted by the lions and are extremely loyal to its herds and can also try to rescue another member in case they are caught by attacking the predator. These are also hunted by humans and they kill more hunters in Africa than other animals. These also have got a good memory and known to just ambush hunters that have injured them even when years have passed.
They are known as the African Buffalo, and the Cape buffalo is not like the water buffalo which is mainly found in Asia though they do look similar to each other. The buffalos are dangerous and have never known to be domesticated.