Cultural tourism is known to be part of the tourism sector with in Tanzania which has helped in increasing the tourist arrivals into the country hence empowering the rural communities to acquire the fruits of globalization and the developing tourism industry as well. This type of tourism allows the guests to fully experience indigenous, authentic cultures by combining nature, scenery, folklore, crafts, rituals, ceremonies, dances as well as the local hospitality of Tanzania which gives a unique perspective into the daily lives of the local people, which allows them to experience the wildlife tours in Zanzibar and Tanzania vacation holidays has to be offered.
The people of Tanzania are among the most welcoming and approachable on planet earth, with the range of beautiful cultures that is ready to be shared with the visitors. You can visit the Masai people to enjoy the Masai cultural safaris and also the longer stay among the local people and is likely to become one of the most rewarding adventures of the holidays in Tanzania.
About the Maasai Village Tour
It’s really good to experience this tribe since it’s one of the few tribe in Africa who have continued to keep their age old custom traditional life styles of the semi nomadic and are famous for the amazing traditional as well as dances.
ABOUT TANZANIA HISTORY, LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
The History of Tanzania
Tanzania has got over 120 ethnic groups on the mainland and most of them migrated from the different parts of Africa over the past years and others at the coast. The Swahili people also originated from the eclectic mix of the great traders from Arabic, Persian and the Chinese who came from the 8th century. The first known European to arrive here was the Portuguese explorer, by names of Vasco da Gama, who also visited the coast in the late 15th century and afterwards the whole region came under the Portuguese rule. These Portuguese also controlled Zanzibar until the year 1699, when they were sent away from the Island by the famous Omani Arabs.
Within the late 19th century, alongside both Burundi and Rwanda, Tanganyika was taken over by the colony of German East Africa until the end of World war I. However, following the defeating of the Germans, it was then administered by the British who were under the successive League of Nations and the United Nations Mandates.
This country gained its independence in 1961 under Julius Nyerere, who was a charismatic Socialist leader and became president until the year 1985. In the year, 1964, Tanganyika came together with Zanzibar and became one state called Tanzania. Again since independence, Chama Cha Mapinduzi has remained the ruling party in Tanzania.
Tanzania also proved itself as an active player with in the regional politics through giving support to the anti-apartheid movements with South Africa, and it also intervened in Uganda’s military in 1979, in order to over throw the regime of Amin. In the year 1985, Nyerere left power and was replaced by Ali Hassan Mwinyi who also introduced market forces into the economy and also on the political front that made amendments towards the constitution that allowed for the introduction of the multiparty system in the country.
More so, the Chama Cma Mapinduzi (CCM) won the 1995 elections and Benjamin Mkapa became the next president. In 1998, Tanzania became the main scene of terrorist incidents when the United States embassy with in Dar es Salaam was boomed down. In Oct 1999, Ex- President Julius Nyerere passed away.
Furthermore, Mkapa won the next term of office in the year 2000 with rigging of votes as well as intimidation allegations, in Zanzibar. In 2005 elections, Zanzibar went on to experience tension as well as violence when the CCM candidate by names of Jakaya Kikwete won the election and these results were disputed by the Civic United Front (CUF) which also claimed that they would have won most of the votes. This also resulted into negotiations that happened between the two parties in 2009 which brought in elections that were peaceful in 2010 that followed a power sharing agreement. In 2015, John Magufuli also became the new president of Tanzania and has been praised for his zero tolerance towards the corruption as well as the government expenditure.
What you need to know
Tanzania also gained its world fame when an American Author Ernest Hemingway wrote about his time he spent in this country and called it “the Green Hills of Africa”
The country also has the earliest remains of humans that were discovered in the Olduvai Gorge.
Tanzania is also known to share its national anthem with Zimbabwe and South Africa.
The Culture of Tanzania
About 40-45 % of the people of Tanzania are Christians and 35-40% are Muslims and most of these live along the coast as well as Zanzibar and the many Islands surrounding Zanzibar. There is also a small number of people that follow the traditional religion as well as the Asian community including the Hindus as well as the Sikhs.
The Social Conventions:
Whenever people meet and part, the hands are always shaken which applies throughout the whole country in both the urban and rural areas. It has also always been a convention to use a right hand and not a left hand to shake hands or pass and receive anything. The standard greeting in Tanzania is “Jambo” and the people here are so happy when the visitors can greet them in Kiswahili. Dressing is casual and a smart appearance for the formal occasions like for a business meeting as well as upmarket restaurants will always be appreciated.
Due to the Muslim influence in the country, the coast is more conservative and is away from the beach, so it’s advisable to dress respectably and also cover up the hands and the legs. Alcohol is also only present in the tourist areas in Zanzibar, where it’s considered bad to eat, smoke or drink in public during day light hours when other people are fasting especially during the period of Ramadan.
The Language in Tanzania
English and Kiswahili are known to be the official languages in Tanzania. The terms Kiswahili and Swahili are used interchangeably, even though Swahili refers to the people and Kiswahili refers to the language. The Kiswahili language originates along the coast and it’s a Bantu language with many of the words derived from Arabic. There are also many other African languages like those of the Bantu and the Nilo- Hamitic as well as the Khoisan origins which are spoken in the remote regions of the country.
The National Anthem
The national anthem of Tanzania is called Mungu Ibariki Afrika whicj means that God Bless Africa and was composed by South African composer called Enoch Sontonga. This song is also the national anthem of both Zimbia and South Africa.
The Music Industry of Tanzania
There has been a big change in the music industry of Tanzania with in the past ten years. With the much fusion of the local and the foreign music traditions, Tanzania musicians have grown to prominence in the African Great Lakes region. The music industry includes artists from the traditional music like the Sabinus Kombo, Dionys Mbilinyi and many more. There are also many other new upcoming artists in pop, Zouk, R & B, Dance and Taarab. There is also the Imani Sanga who is a music composer, ethnomusicologist, choral conductor as well as the church organist. Lastly is the Mwakisinini Felix who is a great music artist who also contributed much to the church music as a composer, choral conductor and as a trainer.
The Art of Tanzania
The Tingatinga ate the famous popular paintings in Tanzania and are painted with the enamel paints on the canvas. The motifs are usually animals and flowers with in colourful and the repetitive designs. This style was started by Mr Edward Saidi Tingatinga wborn in Southern Tanzania. He later transferred to Dar es Salaam and since his death in 1972, the tingatinga style has expanded in both Tanzanin and the world at large. More so, one of the famous artist in Africa is called George Lilanga born in Tanzania. And the other many recognised Tanzanian artists include; HaJI Chilonga , David Mzuguno, Salum Kambi, Thobias Minzi, John Kilaka, Godfrey Semwaiko, Max Kamundi, and Evarist Chikawe and many more.
The Cartoons of Tanzania
The cartoons of Tanzania have got a history which can be tracked back to the work of the pioneering artists, like the Christian Gregory and the Chakabanga cartoons with in the Uhuru newspaper in the 1970s and 1980s and Philip Ndunguru happened in 1980s. There were also the political cartoons that were created in a more recent days.
In the past years, the cartoon art and comics have really taken off in Tanzania. In the present days, there are many cartoons some of whom are known throughout the whole country. In the year 1960 and so on, there were many artists who prepared the way and their names are talked about by the recent artists as the great influences. Some of them include; Robert Mwampembwa, Nathan Mpangala ‘Kijasti’, Adam Lutta, Fred Halla, James Gayo, Francis, Ally Masoud ‘kipanya’, King kinya, Popa Matumula, Oscar Makoye, Sammi Mwamkinga, Fadhili Mohamed, Bonda, Noah Yongolo, and many more.
The Sculpture of Tanzania
The famous George Lilanga who passed away in 2005, was one of the famous sculptors of Tanzania. The people of Tanzania most of the times sculpt the images of people as well as animals out of clay or metal works.
Sports in Tanzania
The famous Suleiman Nyambui and Filbert Bayi won the track and field medals in the year 1980 during the summer Olympics. Tanzania also competes in the common wealth games as well as the African Championships in the athletics. Football is also widely played all over Tanzania with the fan divided between two major clubs, that’s the Simba Club and the young African Sports Club. This is the most famous spot in the country despite the little success that has been achieved by the national team. The national team has never qualified for the FIFA World Cup and have so far made one appearance in the African Cup of nations back way in 1980.
Basketball as a sport is played in the country but mainly in schools. Hasheem Thabeet is born in Tanzania and is an NBA player with the Oklahoma City Thunder. This is the first Tanzanian to play in the NBA. Another sport that is rapidly growing in Tanzania is Cricket and it grew after hosting the ICC Cricket League division 4 in the year 2008 and the country finished with a win for the tournament and it has also got a national team. Rugby as a sport is still minor in Tanzania and it has recently got a national team and this team used to be part of the East African team, but was divided.
The Tanzanian Cuisines
The Cuisines in Tanzania are both unique and widely varied. In the coastal regions of Tanga, Dar es Salam, Zanzibar ,Bagamoyo and Pemba , the spicy foods are so common as well as much use of coconut milk. Also the regions in the mainland of Tanzania have got their unique foods and some of these include; Ugali (maize porridge), Wali (Rice), Chapati (Kind of bread), Nyama choma (grilled meat), Mshikaki (the marinated beef), samaki (fish), biriyani, pilau, and the ndizi nyama (platains with meat). The vegetable eaten in the country also include; Mchcha (kind of Spinach), Bania (okra), Maharage (beans), Njegere (green peas) and the Kisavu the cassava leaves. The famous snacks in Tanzania include; Maandazi the fried dough, Kabaab , the Kebab, Isheti, Mkate wa kumimina- the Zanzibar rice bread, Kashata- coconut bars, sambusa- samosa, Vileja vitumua- the rice patties, and the Bagia.
Since there are many Indians who have settled in Tanzania, there is a great portion of the Tanzanian cuisines that have been influenced by the Indian foods. There have been famous chefs that have revolutionalized the traditional Indian dishes like the Kashata Korma tabsi as well as the voodo aloo. There are many restaurants that are owned by the Indians in the heart of Dar es Salam.
About the Beverages
There are many people in Tanzania who drink tea. Tea is usually drunk in the morning during breakfast time with either Mandazi or chapatti and sometimes taken at night at supper. Coffee is also liked and consumed in Tanzania, which is why it’s usually taken in the evening, when the sun is extremely down when people are enjoying playing cards or bao. Many of the people take coffee with Kashata, and these have got a sweet taste made from Coconut meat or the ground nuts.
There are also the local beverages that are made depending on the different regions and tribes. Some of these include; the different alcoholic beverages as well as the local brews like banana beer and the moon shine. About the coastal regions like Tanga and Dar es Salam Mnazi / Tembo is widely taken. Others include; the other common brews include; Mbege and wanzuri for the Chagga and Nkonyagi, Nkencha, Mbandule and Lubisi for the Haya. The brews are mainly found on the shores of Lake Victoria.
Maasai Women Tanzania